Code of Practice on Disinformation is a first-of-its-kind instrument through which relevant stakeholders in the sector agreed on self-regulatory standards to counter disinformation for the first time in 2018. The process of reviewing the Code began in June 2021 and culminated in its signing and presentation on 16 June 2022. 34 signatories signed the Code at that time. It includes very large platforms (YouTube, Instagram, Facebook, TikTok, Twitter and LinkedIn) and very large online search engines (Google and Bing), but also smaller platforms (e.g. Twitch and Vimeo), research organisations (e.g. Avaaz, Globsec, Global Disinformation Index), fact-checkers (e.g. Maldita.es) and civil society organisations (e.g. Reporters Without Borders).
The Code of Practice on Disinformation aims to work with platforms, research organizations and other signatories to effectively counter the dissemination of harmful disinformation in the online space. As the long-standing leader of ERGA's Disinformation Task Force, the Council for Media Services has worked closely with all those who have committed to the Code in developing the Code. The ambition of the Code is to enhance user empowerment, make necessary data available for research, and significantly increase the transparency of technology companies in moderating content.
Since the impact of the Code will depend mainly on its practical implementation, it is crucial to allow for a systematic review of the various commitments it entails. The new Code therefore includes measurable indicators on strengthening the integrity of services, empowering users or fact-checkers, including in access to data for scientific research. Monitoring the effectiveness of the Code, while proposing necessary changes, will be the responsibility of a Standing Working Group composed of representatives of the signatories, ERGA, the European Commission and EDMO. ERGA is represented by Stanislav Matějka, Head of the Analytical Department at CMS.